иĶʲô

ѧϰ     2018-11-01 14:16:16

иĶǹϵйѧóIJõ30ǵһĶٶȾйһСΪиĶϣܰﵽ

и

TOEFL iBT (и) Ķ3~5ƪ¹

ÿƪ´Լ700 12~14

ʱΪ60~100

TOEFL iBT Ķ漰ֲͬѧ

˽һƪ漰ҲûйϵΪشҪϢµ

иԵ

ߵдĿе TOEFL Ķ¶ԷΪͣ

1)˵;

2);

3)ʷĵ»ӲͬĽǶȻ۵ĶϢ

һǴڶµĹӦرע ΪٻһǷȫĵĽṹȫĽṹijҪտĶķӶϿ˽һƪµĽṹڴ˾Ҵ½¿Ķ˼·

иԿĶķ

һƪ֮ĹϵֻһΪ˳йϵһΪת۹ϵ˼˳Ϊ۵ǶǰݵĽһ˵򲹳

תΪ۵תǶǰݵķиĶǿΪֻڳת۴ʵת۹ϵȫΪ˳йϵа仰֮ûκιʵ

1n1n2n3…ṹ

ڴֽṹֻҪʶеһʼΪЩ֮ûκת۴ҲǾͱЩ֮˳йϵ˳йϵЩʶһ˼ıڴ˽ṹʱֻʶһʶĵʼ

Aggressive behavior is intended to cause injury, pain, suffering, damage, or destruction.

injurypainsufferingdamagedestruction ʲֻҪеһ( pain) DZ֪һЩʾ“”оĴʻǾͿ֪ aggressive behavior һЩ“”ӰΪ

2n1 or n2n1 and n2 ṹ

ڴ˽ṹͨͨΪ n1 = n2߽һ˵ֻҪʶ n1 n2еκһʼûбҪȥ˽ or DZʾ“”Ĺϵ and DZʾ“”ĹϵΪڿĶor and ʾĹϵ˳йϵӵǰ˼ͬĶʱΪ“=” 

е injurypainsufferingdamage destruction ⼸ or ӵ injury = pain = suffering = damage =destruction廹һ“”оĴʻ

Base-20, or vigesimal, systems are less used.

base-20 = vigesimal Ϊ“20 ” 

3n1 of n2 ṹ

ֽṹҪʼע n1 Ǻ n1 ĶʱĹؼn2 n1 ޶Ϊ“n2 n1” Ķʱʶ n2 Ҳؽ

Ķֶ of Ӽ( n1 of n2 of n3) ڶ n1 of n2 ṹƹ֪ n1 of n2 of n3 ṹn1 ǺĹؼιϵΪӺǰڷʱȡӺǰķ뷽ʽΪ“n3 n2 n1” 

An understanding of the derivation of the word competition supports that…

ڿĶʱҽ n1 of n2 of n3 ṹĶѶ˾Ҫ˼Ϊ“an understanding supports that…”Ϊ“(competition) ”()Դ֧……

4A such as B, C, D;such A as B, C, D ṹ

˽ṹʶ A BCD ȫʶ AֻҪ BCD еκһʶĵʼsuch as DZʾĴһ˳йϵ BCD Ƕ A Ľһʶ A ûҪ˷ʱȥ BCD

ڲʶ A BCD A ˼ͬԶ BCDͿ BCD Ǹոҽܹĵһֽṹ˽ṹʶеһʼڲʶ A  BCD κһʶĵʶ

Verbal attacks such as screaming and shouting or belittling and humiliating comments can also be a type of aggression.

ͨɽþΪVerbal attacks can also be a type of aggression.(ϵĹҲǹΪһ )

5In addition to…, …In addition, …It is not just…, …rather than…, …while/ though…, …ṹ

ϼֽṹиĶоֵľʽṹ Щʽṹʱֻźľǰ in addition to…; it is not just…; rather than…; while/ though…ЩӿȲin addition (to)ʾijѾᵽһIJ in addition to ѾܹźݲҪֻע֮

Ҫ˽һ»ijԭĿʱΪΪݴĴ𰸿ܲΨһ磺

ԭģֻ˺ŮСײһ

ĿСײһ____

A. B. Ů C. D.

еͬѧ˵ѡ AϸСǸҲôһŮӶҲһֻ ACD ܶȷ

ԭı񶨵ĵطһ㲻 ԭĿ϶ǿ֮ΨһϸΪԭ˵СǸĿΪСǸ____ѡȻѡ A

It is not just…, … rather than…, …Щͱ֮Ҫ϶ǿڿĶĽṹʱֱȥźݼ

while/ though ľò״ĴӾ źľӲҪǿľΪ while/ though ȥ൱ҪڶźľǰbutҪǿݾԶ׼

Cooperation, rather than evoking a characteristic at the opposite extreme of human nature from competition, is in reality a necessary factor in competition.

˾Ϊ Cooperation is in reality a necessary factor in competition. ׾˽ߵĹ۵

Though the actual boundaries and sizes and shapes of the plates are not known for sure, it has been postulated that there are six major plates.

˾ΪIt has been postulated that there are six major plates.

ֻиĶоֵһЩӵĽṹ ÿ仰Ľṹÿdz׵ؽȡ ˻øӹ㷺пĶķ

иĶ

иĶһЩܳľЩӽпĶķǼ򻯾ֻǵɳɷһһӵɾνͱɷݾΪɷڿĶʱΪصʽṹִʽṹӾ״ӾʱӦÿĶЩҪϸ

ҪעӾ(ԴӾӾ״Ӿ) ֻԴӾҪϸĶΪһӵҪɷиĶ that Ӿthat һԴӾһֿӾݸոҽܵԴӾҪϸĶӾڿж that ֮ʲôʱӦϸĶʲôʱӦÿ?

ҿԼֽṹ԰ѸжѸٽȡ᣺

1n. + that + V. = Ӿ

2v. + that… = ԴӾ

ʺ that that ֱӽνﶯʱthat һһӾʱݿɽ that Զ

ڶʺֱӳ thatʱ that ԴӾҪϸĶ thatľ

ӵɳɷֻͱŸʱҪֱȥѰһټʣµIJ֮IJʱΪǾDzɷṹʾ£

S…VO. SV…O.

УS ʾV ʾνO ʾֽṹ֮Թ

Other possible defenses, while not directly toxic to the parasite, may inhibit some essential step in the establishment of a parasite relationship.

˾ΪOther possible defenses may inhibit some essential step in the establishment of a parasite relationship.

վӼ߼ϵij仰Ƕǰһ仰Ľһ˵ֱĶֻ۵


Ķ£

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4.Ķ:򵥵ٶ

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